In the construction process of high-rise building structure, the formwork temporary supports and the concrete structure are considered as a whole. Quantifying the load under the template supports can provide a better reference for the design of the template supports. In order to study the load transfer law between formwork support scaffolds and multi-storey structure, through the installation of sensors at the bottom of formwork supports and the floor slab, the load transfer law of the 3 adjacent formwork supports were monitored for a long time during the construction of high- rise buildings via the high-frequency wireless transmission systems. The main conclusions are as follows: (1) The monitoring data shows that the most unfavourable load occurs when concrete is poured into the upper story, about 1.9 times the axial force generated when concrete is poured into the test floor. (2) The monitoring data has a similar shape which is summed up as an ideal curve of change, 3 times of peak value, 3 times of decline and 1 time of sudden drop. (3)The transfer ratio of load accounts for about 57% ~ 69% of a total load of fresh concrete. (4) Considering the fluid- plastic state of concrete, a correction factor of 1.22 for vertical pole axial force is proposed, and the deviation between the modified simulated value and the measured value is less than 3%.